(this was originally posted on the HASTAC website as part of my HASTAC 17-19 Scholars participation.)

The bibliography that follows is a first iteration of works that I’m gathering to explore epistemological and structural parallels between distributed ledger technology (aka blockchain) and whisper networks (as defined as “An informal chain of conversations among members of an oppressed or marginalized group about oppressors who need to be watched because of predatory behavior” expanded from definition here). I’m curious about similar protocols for membership, (de)escalation of information, and shared ownership of knowledge.  It seems to me that maybe the blockchain could be a first attempt at digitally representing something close to the organic way that secrets are shared among trusted groups.

If you're looking at something similar, or have resources you think I should add, let me know! 


Adkins, K. (2017). Gossip, Epistemology, and Power: Knowledge Underground. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Ast, A. F., & Sewrjugin, A. (2015). The crowdjury, a crowdsourced justice system for the collaboration era.
Barabas, C., & Schmidt, P. (2016). Transforming Chaos into Clarity: The Promises and Challenges of Digital Credentialing.
Barlow, J. P. (2016, January 20). A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace. Retrieved January 8, 2018, from https://www.eff.org/cyberspace-independence
Bartlett, R. D. (2017, September 8). Blockchain Doesnt Decentralise Power. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://medium.com/enspiral-tales/blockchain-doesnt-decentralise-power-5918c168e6f6
Bartling, S., & Fecher, B. (2016). Blockchain for science and knowledge creation - A technical fix to the reproducibility crisis ? https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.60223
Barton, P. (2015). Bitcoin and the Politics of Distributed Trust. Retrieved from https://scholarship.tricolib.brynmawr.edu/handle/10066/16548
Beller, J. (2016, June 1). Informatic Labor in the Age of Computational Capital. Retrieved January 3, 2018, from http://csalateral.org/issue/5-1/informatic-labor-computational-capital-beller/
Benjamin, G. (2017). PRIVACY AS A CULTURAL PHENOMENON. Journal of Media Critiques [JMC], 3(10). https://doi.org/10.17349/jmc117204
Blankenship, J. R. (2017). Forging Blockchains: Spatial Production and Political Economy of Decentralized Cryptocurrency Code/Spaces (M.A.). University of South Florida, United States -- Florida. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1899198013/abstract/AE399E2E4A6D4CFAPQ/1
Building A Cultural Dialogue Around The Permanent, Blockchain Web. (n.d.). Retrieved January 3, 2018, from https://modelviewculture.com/pieces/building-a-cultural-dialogue-around-the-permanent-blockchain-web
Daly, A., Carlson, A., & Van Geelen, T. (2017). Data and Fundamental Rights (SSRN Scholarly Paper No. ID 3072106). Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=3072106
Dan McQuillan. (2016). Algorithmic paranoia and the convivial alternative. Big Data & Society, 3(2), 2053951716671340. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951716671340
Dupont, Q. (2017). Blockchain Identities: Notational Technologies for Control and Management of Abstracted Entities. Metaphilosophy, 48(5), 634–653.
Findlay, C. (2017). Participatory cultures, trust technologies and decentralisation: innovation opportunities for recordkeeping. Archives and Manuscripts, 45(3), 176–190. https://doi.org/10.1080/01576895.2017.1366864
Fricker, M. (2009). Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing (1 edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
George, O. M. (2015). Bridging Bitcoin’s Gender Gap Student Notes. New York University Journal of Law and Business, 12, 423–458.
Jackson, G. (2017). Queer Practices, Queer Rhetoric, Queer Technologies: Studies of Digital Performativity in Gendered Network Culture.
Jarvie, K., Rolan, G., & Soyka, H. (2017). Why ‘radical recordkeeping’? Archives and Manuscripts, 45(3), 173–175. https://doi.org/10.1080/01576895.2017.1384299
Kavanagh, D., McGarraghy, S., & Kelly, S. (2015). Ethnography in and around an Algorithm. Presented at the 30th EGOS Colloquium: Sub-theme 15: (SWG) Creativity, Reflexivity and Responsibility in Organizational Ethnography, Athens, Greece, 3 - 5 July 2015. Retrieved from http://researchrepository.ucd.ie/handle/10197/7348
McQuillan, D. (2017). The Anthropocene, resilience and post-colonial computation. Resilience, 5(2), 92–109. https://doi.org/10.1080/21693293.2016.1240779
Pazaitis, A., De Filippi, P., & Kostakis, V. (2017). Blockchain and value systems in the sharing economy: The illustrative case of Backfeed. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 125(Supplement C), 105–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.05.025
Reijers, W., & Coeckelbergh, M. (2016). The Blockchain as a Narrative Technology: Investigating the Social Ontology and Normative Configurations of Cryptocurrencies. Philosophy & Technology, 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13347-016-0239-x
Stinchcombe, K. (2017, December 22). Ten years in, nobody has come up with a use for blockchain. Retrieved January 1, 2018, from https://hackernoon.com/ten-years-in-nobody-has-come-up-with-a-use-case-for-blockchain-ee98c180100?mc_cid=0d9d0046f5&mc_eid=330d66693d
Swan, M., & de Filippi, P. (2017). Toward a Philosophy of Blockchain: A Symposium: Introduction. Metaphilosophy, 48(5), 603–619. https://doi.org/10.1111/meta.12270
Tekobbe, C., & McKnight, J. C. (2016). Indigenous cryptocurrency: Affective capitalism and rhetorics of sovereignty. First Monday, 21(10). Retrieved from http://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/6955
Velasco, P. R. (2016). Sketching Bitcoin: Empirical Research of Digital Affordances. In Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research (pp. 99–122). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40700-5_6
What would feminist data visualization look like? | MIT Center for Civic Media. (n.d.). Retrieved January 5, 2018, from https://civic.mit.edu/feminist-data-visualization
Wolowiec, M. S. (2017). Blockshare – Analyzing the Potential for Building a Direct Peer-to-Peer Sharing Economy on Blockchain. Retrieved from https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi:443/handle/123456789/28717